Curriculum Vitae

Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Nucleares (C2TN)


Name: Maria José Bação
Surnames: Madruga
Born: 26/08/1953, Granja-Mourão
Nationality: Portuguese

Phone: +351-21994 6343
Fax: +351-21994 1995
E-mail: madruga (add


  • 1994 – Ph.D. equivalence in Chemistry, University of Lisbon, Portugal.
  • 1993 – Ph.D. in Applied Biological Sciences, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.
  • 1980 – Graduation in Chemistry, University of Lisbon, Portugal.

Professional Employment Career

  • Since 2001 – Senior Researcher, Instituto Tecnológico e Nuclear (ITN), Head of the Group of Environmental Radioactivity, Unit of Radiological Protection and Safety (URPS), Instituto Tecnológico e Nuclear (ITN), Sacavém, Portugal.
  • 1994-2001 – Auxiliary Researcher, ITN, Sacavém, Portugal;
  • 1985-1994 – Research Assistant, Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia e Tecnologia Industrial (LNETI);
  • 1982-1985 – Research Trainee, LNETI;
  • 1979-1982 – Fellowship, LNETI.

Fellowships and Training

  • 21/23-06-2004 – "Quality Management in Nuclear Analytical Techniques" Forschungszentrum, Karlsruhe (Germany), organized by IAEA.
  • 21/25-01-2002 – "Gamma Spectrometry", ITN, Dr. C. Dovlete (IAEA).
  • 15/19-04-2002 – "Risk Assessment Course-Uranium Mining Liabilities in Portugal", ITN, Prof. David Read, University of Reading, (U.K.).
  • 3/8-06-1996 – "Soil Pollution and Soil Protection", Gent, Belgium, organized by the International Training Centre (PHLO) Agriculture University of Wageningen (The Netherlands).
  • 9/20-10-1989 – JNICT/BRITISH COUNCIL fellowship, IFE, Windemere, (U.K.), Dr. J. Hilton.
  • 23/27-10-1989 – EC Fellowship, Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium), Prof. A. Cremers.
  • Nov1983-Jan1984 – Luso-French fellowship, CEA, Cadache (France), Dr. Picat.

Membership of Professional Societies

  • Portuguese Chemical Society.

Scientific Specialization

  • Environmental Radioactivity; Radiological Protection.

Main Scientific Area of Research

  • Studies of radionuclides transfer in the different environmental compartments. Development of appropriate methodologies for quantifying sorption/desorption dynamics of radionuclides in the environment. Characterization of geological materials for radionuclides adsorption.
  • Development and implementation of new methodologies to the determination of natural and artificial radionuclides in environmental samples.

Other Skills/Activities

  • Head of the Environmental Radioactivity Group (GRA) of the Radiological Protection and Safety Unit (UPSR).
  • Responsible by the Radiological Environmental Monitoring Programme at a National Level performed by ITN in the framework of the Decree Law 138/05 (17th August) and the Euratom Treaty (Article 35).

Teaching Activities

  • Since 2001 – Collaboration in the Analytical Chemistry Master, organized by the Sciences Faculty, University of Lisbon, Portugal.

Participation in Projects

  • KADRWaste – Study of the Adsorption Mechanisms and Kinetics in Geomaterials and their Structural Characterization. Implications for Processes of Natural Attenuation of Heavy Metals Contamination and Radioactive Wastes Confinement, 2007-2010. Coordinator: I. Paiva (ITN).
  • MinUrar – Uranium Mines and their Residues: Health Effects in the Population, 2002-2005. Coordinator: F.P. Carvalho (ITN).
  • Assessment of Environmental Contamination around Abandoned Uranium Mines for Improved Radiological Protection and Planning of Remediation Measures (IAEA Project), 2001-2004. Coordinator: F.P. Carvalho (ITN).
  • INCO-COPERNICUS project "AQUífers and in the Chernobyl Area - Observations and Predictive Evaluation" (AQUASCOPE), 1998-2001. Coordinator: M.J. Madruga (ITN).
  • Modeling and Study of the Mechanisms of the Transfer of Radioactive Material from Terrestrial Ecosystems to and in Water Bodies around Chernobyl - CHECIR- ECP3, 1992-1995. Coordinator: M.C. Vaz Carreiro (ITN).
  • Towards a Functional Model of Radionuclide Transport in Freshwaters (FI3P-0029-92) 1992-1995. Coordinator: M.C. Vaz Carreiro (ITN).
  • Transfer of Artificial Radionuclides in a Freshwater Environment (BI7-0008-C) 1991-1992. Coordinator: M.C. Vaz Carreiro (ITN).
  • Evaluation of Data on the Transfer of Radionuclides in the Foodchain (BI6-0245-P) 1990-1991. Coordinator: M.C. Vaz Carreiro (ITN).
  • Radioecology of Major Rivers (BI6-B-198-P) 1987-1989. Coordinator: M.C. Vaz Carreiro (ITN).

Scientific Works

  • PhD Thesis "Adsorption-Desorption Behaviour of Radiocaesium and Radiostrontium in Sediments", K.U. Leuven, Belgium.
  • Author or co-author of 15 original publications in Refereed Journals.
  • 40 lectures, oral presentations and communications to national and international meetings.
  • 12 Internal Reports.

Selected Publications

  • Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring in Portugal, Madruga M. J., Applied Radiation and Isotopes 66, 1639-1643 (2008).
  • Radioactivity in the Environment around Past Radium and Uranium Mining Sites of Portugal, Carvalho F.P., M.J. Madruga, M.C. Reis, J.G. Alves, J.M. Oliveira, J. Gouveia, L. Silva, Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 96, 1-3, 39-46 (2007).
  • Gross alpha/beta Measurements in Drinking Waters by Liquid Scintillation Technique: Validation and Interlaboratory Comparison Data, Lopes I., Madruga M.J. In: Combining and Reporting Analytical Results. A. Fajgeli, M. Belli and U. Sansone Ed., RSC Publishing, pp. 294-300, ISBN-13 9780854048489 (2006).
  • The "AQUASCOPE" Simplified Model for Predicting 89,90Sr, 131I and 134,137Cs in Surface Waters after a Large-Scale Radioactive Fallout, Smith J.T., N.V. Belova, A.A. Bulgakov, R.N.J. Comans, A.V. Konoplev, A.V. Kudelsky, M.J.Madruga, O.V. Voitsekhovitch, G. Zibold, Health Physics, 89, 6, 628-644 (2005).
  • Contamination of Hydrographic Bassins Mining Areas of Portugal, Carvalho F.P., Oliveira J.M., Madruga M.J., Lopes I., Libânio A., Machado L., In: Uranium in the Environment, Mining Aspects and Consequences, B.J. Merkel and A. Hasche-Berger Ed. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 691-702 (2005).
  • The Bottom Sediments of the Undrained Lake with High Level of Water and Fish 137Cs Contamination, Ovsiannikova, S., Madruga, M.J., Kudelsky, A. In: "Lake Systems: Biological Processes, Antropogenic Transformation, Water Quality", Minsk. Naroch/Chief Editor T.M. Mikheyeva, Minsk: Belarussian State University (BSU), pp. 94-98 (2003).
  • Methodology Improvement of Radiocaesium Sorption Determinations on Bottom Sediments From Chernobyl Contaminated Areas, Madruga, M.J., Konoplev, A., Konopleva, I, Radioprotection-Colloques, 37, 312-319 (2002).